Breeds of dogs: Bolognese

Breeds of dogs: Bolognese

Origin, classification and history

Origin: Italy.
F.C.I classification: Group 9 - companion dogs.

Bolognese is a breed of very ancient origin. Its existence already at the time of the ancient Romans is proven by many depictions on terracotta and various vases of that era. He was considered a dog of enormous value and was considered very precious, especially from the eleventh century. It belongs to the Bichon group, therefore its origins come from those small white dogs that Aristotle called "Melitensi", which had their diffusion in the Mediterranean thanks to maritime trade, and therefore thanks to the continuous movement of merchant ships from one country to another . In the Renaissance, it was customary to give small dogs of this kind among the various noble courts. It is documented that Catherine II of Russia also had one of these dogs. Today its population is not very large, because it is a breed that is mainly bred in Italy and is little known abroad.

General aspect

Small, mesomorphic dog with a short and particularly compact body, built in the square. The peculiarity that makes this breed unique is the fur which is long, raised and white in color.


It is a canine that has the typical character of companion dogs. He is a dog who always needs a person to be taken as a point of reference for his life and cannot do without close contact with the owner and his family. She is very lively and intelligent and has a brilliant learning ability, so she can also be trained. Tireless in the game and exceptionally affectionate. It is one of the most suitable breeds to keep the family company.

Bolognese dog (website photo)

Bolognese dog (website photo)


- males from 27 cm to 30 cm
- females from 25 cm to 28 cm
Weight: from 2.5 kg to 4 kg

Trunk: compact and compact with high withers and broad thorax. Length equal to the height at the withers.
Head and muzzle: the head is mesocephalic and in length it reaches 1/3 of the height. The craniofacial axes are parallel. The length of the skull is slightly longer than that of the muzzle. The muzzle is equal to 2/5 of the total length of the head.
Truffle: voluminous, black and on the same line as the nasal bridge.
Teeth: with scissor bite even if the pincer bite is tolerated. They must be complete in number and development.
Neck: with length equal to the total length of the head.
Skin: well-fitting throughout the body.
Limbs: perfectly straight and solid. With good bones seen as a whole.
Shoulder: 1/4 of the height at the withers and quite oblique.
Musculature: firm and well developed.
Upper line: straight, slightly convex to the loins.
Tail: inserted on the line of the croup, carried curved on the back.
Proportions: construction in the square, head rather short compared to the measurements of the trunk.
Hair: long on all parts of the body and rather raised; it forms ringlets but never forms fringes.
Allowed colors: uniform white without spots and shades.
Most common defects: non-standard measures, enognatism, depigmentation of the truffle, iris gazzuolo, anurism, montonina nasal bridge, convergence or divergence of the craniofacial axes, monorchidism, cryptorchidism, prognathism, colors not allowed.

curated by Vinattieri Federico -

Video: Bolognese Dog Breed Information (January 2022).